U.P. to enact two-child policy. But is it a hasty choice?

Source – theindianexpress

No ration, no government jobs, 12 months of maternal and paternal leave with pay, are some of the “salient features” that the government of the most populated state in India proposed in the first draft of population control bill on 12th July, 2021.

The yogi government seeks to introduce the highly politicised “two child policy” in the U.P. Legislative assembly before the upcoming state elections scheduled for next year.

The drafting commission headed by Justice Aditya Nath Mittal has asked for the feedback and comments from the citizens until 19th July, 2021.

What are the “salient features” of the Uttar Pradesh (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) Bill, 2021?

Source – firstpost
  • Ration cards will be issued to only four people in the family. This includes the two parents and their two children.
  • No government jobs, no benefits of government sponsored welfare schemes and also no promotion.
  • Non obliging citizens cannot contest in local government elections.

Benefits of Voluntary sterilisation under the proposed draft bill includes

  • A person will receive two increments during the entire service and a 3% increase in the employer’s contribution fund under national pension.
  • Discount in water, electricity and house tax. Subsidy while purchasing a new house, plot. Nominal rates of interest if taking a loan.
  • One child of civil servicemen will receive free education till age 20, admission in all educational institutions including IIMs and AIIMS, free healthcare facilities, scholarships and government jobs.

Cash incentive

  • A couple living below the poverty line who have only one child and undergoes voluntary sterilisation, shall be eligible for payment of a one-time ₹80,000 if the single child is a boy and ₹1 lakh if it is a girl.

Justice Aditya Nath Mittal said the bill will promote sustainable development due to limited economical and natural resources in Uttar Pradesh.

Alok Kumar, the working president of Vishwa Hindu Parishad, a far-right wing group and supporter of the BJP has highlighted that the bill will lead to huge gaps between Total Fertility Rates (TFR) of different religious communities.

The proposed bill also lacks research because instead of focusing on modern contraceptive measures, education for all, the “one child” or “two child” policy may lead to more gender gap.

However this is the first draft of the bill and it needs significant changes on the structural level.


  1. This is all very interesting. I realise where I am we do not have the over population issues faced by UP, but I think I can share some insights here. The government certainly hasn’t thought it through – the proposed bill is not an effective sustainable strategy at all. Long term they will end up with an aged society (such as where I am because four person families or less became fashionable) that also means a much reduced workforce to support the whole society. And yes, offering incentives that favour sons more than daughters is also illogical. A gender gap/fertility gap is destructive on so many fronts. Nearly 20 years ago, our government introduced incentives for a period of time so that people would have more children. We are still some years away from whether this proves to be effective or not.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. In addition to gender imbalance, it may also have adverse impact on the country’s economy in the long run, becuase reduction in population growth can also lead to reduction in demand, which can eventually affect the production sector. Hope the government has consulted leading economists while drafting its population policy.

    Liked by 1 person

    • I don’t think so, it is a hasty choice keeping the next year’s elections in mind. The demands will reduce as well as imposing the policy will also lead to age imbalance i.e. an older population, and gender imbalance.


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